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The links below may be helpful in providing background information.
However, please note that the Southern California Library has no
control over these sites and isn't responsible for them. Links are
provided for informational purposes only and aren't intended as
Articles on the Web
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Eagle Publishing Company, USC History Department (under Businesses; scroll to this entry)
Charlotta Amanda Bass (1874-1969)
Newspaper publisher-editor, civil rights activist, PBS, The Black Press: Soldiers Without
The California Eagle,
PBS, The Black Press: Soldiers Without Swords
Bass, newspaper publisher, politician, The African American Registry.
Charlotta Bass and
the California Eagle, by Todd Steven Burroughs, BlackPressUSA.com
Bass (1874-1969) Fighter of racism and publisher of the California Eagle, Gallery of Greats,
California Eagle Photograph Collection
Late 1890s - Late 1950s, History, Southern California Library
Bass, Charlotta Spears
(1880-1969), editor and civil rights activist, Women in American History by Encyclopedia
Spears Bass (1880-1969), California suffragist and journalist, Women of the West Museum
Charlotta Spears Bass,
History Month: The influence of newspapers, GySgt. Leah Gonzalez, MCAGCC Twentynine Palms, CA
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Bass, Charlotta, Forty Years: Memoirs from the Pages of A Newspaper.
Unpublished manuscript available at Southern California Library for Social Studies
and Research and through interlibrary loan, 1960.
Cairns, Kathleen A., "The Press as Pulpit: Charlotta Bass and the California Eagle,"
in Front-Page Women Journalists, 1920-1950. University of Nebraska Press,
Lincoln and London, 2003.
De Kam, Elizabeth J., "A Home to Call One's Own: A Textual Analysis of the Story of
Residential Race Restrictive Covenants in the California Eagle and
Los Angeles Sentinel." Master's Thesis, California State University, Northridge, 1993.
Gill, Gerald R., "'Win or Lose--We Win': The 1952 Vice Presidential Campaign of Charlotta
A. Bass," in The Afro-American Woman: Struggles and Images. Hartley, Sharon and
Rosalyn Terborg-Penn, eds., Baltimore, MD: Black Classic Press, 1997, 1978.
Hardy, Gayle J., American Women Civil Rights Activists: Biographies of 68 Leaders, 1825-1992.
Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1993.
Jeter, James Phillip, Ph.D., "Rough Flying: The California Eagle (1879-1965)."
AJHA Convention Paper, Presented to the 12th Annual Conference of the American Journalism
Historians Association, Salt Lake City, Utah, October 7, 1993.
Leavitt, Jacqueline, "Charlotta A. Bass, The California Eagle, and Black Settlement
in Los Angeles," in Urban Planning and the African American Community in
the Shadows. Manning Thomas, June and Marsha Ritzdorf, eds., Part Three,
African American Initiatives and Responses, SAGE Publications, 1996.
Streitmatter, Rodger, Raising Her Voice: African American Women Journalists Who
Changed History. Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky, 1994.
Taylor, Ula Y., "'Reading Men and Nations' Women in the Black Radical Tradition" in Souls,
Vol. 1, No. 4, Fall 1999.
Tippens, Marti Elizabeth, "Talking Back: How Publisher and Activist Charlotta Bass
Challenged Inequality Through the California Eagle." Master's Thesis, California State
University, Northridge, 2001.
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Charlotta A. Bass Papers and Manuscript Collection, located at Southern California Library for
Social Studies and Research, Los Angeles, CA. Comprised of six boxes of Bass' personal correspondence,
campaign literature, book manuscript, and speeches.
40 newspaper and magazine articles located in "Charlotta Bass" clipping file, Schomburg Center for
Research in Black Culture, New York. NY.
Seven articles in "Charlotta Bass" vertical file held at Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard
University, Washington, DC.
Microfilm available at the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library.
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History of the Black Press
Soldiers Without Swords
Black Press USA
History of Jim Crow
Civil Rights History
Civil Rights Act (features and history)
Eyes on the Prize
Birmingham Civil Rights Institute
Political/Civil Rights Organizations, Activists, Events
National Association for the Advancement
of Colored People (NAACP) website
The Universal Negro Improvement
Association and African Communities League website
Garvey and the UNIA historical overview
Rights Congress (scroll to heading "Papers of the Civil Rights Congress)
Negro Congress (scroll to heading "Papers of the National Negro Congress)
Negro Victory Committee
(scroll to third paragraph)
Sojourners for Truth and Justice
(scroll down to third paragraph from the bottom)
(W.E.B. DuBois Learning Center)
Shirley Graham DuBois (Review
of Race Woman: The Lives of Shirley Graham DuBois by Gerald Horne)
Beah Richards (Beah: A
Black Woman Speaks)
Sleepy Lagoon case
Zoot Suit riots
World War II and the Zoot
The Hollywood Ten
Progressive Party of 1948
Progressive Party summary